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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
(PS007)

Introduction


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an illness characterized by recurrent obsessions and uncontrolled compulsions such as repetitive behavioral or mental acts ("rituals") that are performed in response to these obsessions. These ritualistic behaviors are believed to prevent or produce a future event. However, the rituals themselves have nothing to do with that event.

These obsessions and compulsions are time consuming and can significantly interfere with one's normal daily routine and ability to perform at their occupation. Symptoms may last for years or even decades and continue to progress if untreated.

OCD is thought to affect 2-3% of the general population or 4-6 million persons in the United States. OCD is the fourth most common psychiatric diagnosis in the United States, following phobias, substance abuse, and major depression. Studies have demonstrated a connection between OCD and altered levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain.

The treatment of OCD has significantly advanced in the past 10 years, and both pharmacologic and behavioral approaches are effective and important components in the management of OCD.

Treatment for OCD is usually multifaceted using both medication and counseling to control both the obsession and compulsion aspects of the disorder. Persons who do not respond well to these basic treatments may be considered candidates for other treatments.

Get the Facts... With your MediFocus Guide


The Medifocus Guide on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) provides answers to the following important questions and medical issues:


What Your Doctor Reads:


This MediFocus Guide contains an extensive listing of citations and abstracts of recent journal articles that have been published about this condition in trustworthy medical journals. This is the same type of information that is available to physicians and other health care professionals. A partial selection of journal articles that are abstracted in this MediFocus Guide includes:


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