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Tick-borne illnesses are caused by infection with a variety of disease-causing pathogens, including rickettsia and other types of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. Because ticks can harbor more than one disease-causing agent, persons can be infected with more than one pathogen at the same time.
While there are several different ticks that carry disease, the one many people are familiar with is Ixodes scapularis, more commonly known as the deer or bear tick in North America. This is the one that causes Lyme disease. Other ticks that transmit B. burgdorferi are the Ixodes dammini and the Ixodes pacificus. Ticks that transmit other diseases include the lone star tick
(A. americanum), the dog tick, wood tick, and the Western Black-legged tick.
Ehrlichiosis is a recently recognized bacterial (rickettsiae) disease that is spread by infected ticks. Two types of human ehrlichiosis have been identified in the U.S.: human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE). The disease attacks different types of white blood cells (either monocytes or granulocytes). Evidence suggests that the lone star tick transmits HME and the deer tick transmits HGE.
Get the Facts... With your MediFocus Guide
The Medifocus Guide on Ehrlichiosis provides answers to the following important questions and medical issues:
- What are the most common symptoms of Ehrlichiosis?
- Are there any recognized risk factors for developing Ehrlichiosis?
- What kinds of medical tests are used to establish the diagnosis of Ehrlichiosis?
- What is the current standard of care for the treatment of Ehrlichiosis?
- What treatment options are available for the management of Ehrlichiosis?
- Are there any promising new developments or potential breakthroughs in treatment?
- Who are the most notable medical authorities who specialize in Ehrlichiosis?
- Where are the leading hospitals and centers of research for Ehrlichiosis?
- What are the most important questions to ask my doctor about Ehrlichiosis?
What Your Doctor Reads:
This MediFocus Guide contains an extensive listing of citations and abstracts of recent journal articles that have been published about this condition in trustworthy medical journals. This is the same type of information that is available to physicians and other health care professionals. A partial selection of journal articles that are abstracted in this MediFocus Guide includes:
- Annual update of systemic disease--1999: emerging and re-emerging infections (Part II).
Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology. 2000
- Gastrointestinal and hepatic manifestations of human ehrlichiosis: 8 cases and a review of the literature.
Digestive Diseases. 1999
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 1998
- Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in a renal transplant patient: case report and review of the literature.
- Ehrlichiosis in children.
Journal of Pediatrics. 1997
- Is human granulocytic ehrlichiosis a new Lyme disease? Review and comparison of clinical, laboratory, epidemiological, and some biological features.
Clinical Infectious Diseases. 1997
- Human ehrlichiosis.
Postgraduate Medicine. 1997
- Sequence analysis of the ank gene of granulocytic ehrlichiae.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2000
- Human monocytic ehrlichiosis: a potentially severe disease in children.
Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2000
- Transmission of the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis by Ixodes spinipalpis ticks: evidence of an enzootic cycle of dual infection with Borrelia burgdorferi in Northern Colorado.
Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2000
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